Therapeutic diet and Nutrition
A client who has been hospitalized after experiencing a heart attack will most likely receive a diet consisting of:
Nutrition therapy for hypertension includes:
When teaching an athletic teenager about nutritional intake, the nurse should explain that the carbohydrate food that would provide the quickest source of energy is a:
Clients receiving hypertonic tune feedings most commonly develop diarrhea because of:
A client is receiving TPN after extensive colon surgery. The purpose of TPN is to:
A client eats a meal that contains 13 grams of fat, 31 grams of carbohydrates, and 5 grams of protein. What is this client’s total caloric intake for this meal?
Spironolactone (Aldactone) a potassium-sparing diuretic, is prescribed for a client with CHF. A nurse produces dietary instructions to the client and instructs the client to avoid foods that are high in which electrolyte?
A client who is recovering from gastric surgery has been advanced from a clear liquid diet to a full liquid diet. The client is looking forward to the diet change because he has been “bored” with the clear liquid diet. The nurse would most appropriately which full liquid item to the client?
A client has had abdominal surgery and the physician has ordered a bland diet 3 days post surgery. Which of the following trays would have portions removed because it does not adhere to the dietary regimen?
A seriously ill client with a lot of drainage would require how much fluid per day?
Which statement is false regarding a full liquid diet?
You are taking care of a patient with severe COPD. What type of diet would best suit this patient's needs?
A patient who has a colostomy is complaining about having excess gas. You ask the patient to tell you what he has ate in the past 48 hours. Which food would you suspect is causing the patient excessive gas?
A patient is diagnosed with Congestive Heart Failure and must follow a specific diet. Which spices are okay for the patient to use daily?
A patient with gout should follow what type of diet?
The patient is on a low potassium diet that includes food such as applesauce, green beans, cabbage, lettuce, grapes, and raspberries. What type of patient would you expect to be on this type of diet?
A patient with anemia would benefit from which diet?
A patient is on a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet. What type of foods can the patient eat?
A patient is suffering from a broken jaw. Which foods would be most beneficial for this patient?
A patient receiving dialysis should avoid what type of foods?
A patient is admitted for diverticulitis. The patient has been on a full liquid diet and has been tolerating it well. Now the MD has ordered the patient a new diet. You would expect to find what type of food on the patient’s lunch tray?
A patient has a low magnesium level. Which food of the selection below is the highest in magnesium?
A patient is started on the diuretic Spironolactone. Which foods should the patient be careful to avoid eating too much of?
A patient was recently admitted for a Deep Vein Thrombosis and was started on Coumadin. During your education with the patient you would instruct the patient to avoid what food?
A patient’s potassium level is 6.0. Which food should the patient avoid?
A patient has a stage 4 pressure ulcer on their sacral area. What type of foods would the patient most benefit from?
A patient is post-opt from gallbladder surgery and is ordered a clear liquid diet. Which of the selection can the patient have?
A patient just had a Wound Vac ® placed on her abdomen from abdominal surgery. Which foods would help promote wound healing?
A patient asks you what vitamin is best for eye sight. Your response is:
You have a patient who just had a stroke and has garbled speech. What type of diet do you expect the patient to be prescribed after a speech evaluation?
A nurse is teaching a client with pancreatitis about following a low-fat diet. The nurse develops a list of high-fat foods to avoid and includes which food on the item list?
The nurse is giving dietary instructions on a client who is on a vegan diet. The nurse provides dietary teaching focus on foods high in which vitamin that may be lacking in a vegan diet?
A nurse is caring for a client with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. The physician asks the nurse to teach the client to consume thiamine-rich food. The nurse instruct the client to increase the intake of which food items?
A client who is recovering from a surgery has been ordered a change from a clear liquid diet to a full liquid diet. The nurse would offer which full liquid item to the client?
 A postoperative client has been placed on a clear-liquid diet. The nurse provides the client with which items that are allowed to be consumed on this diet?
The nurse is teaching a client who has iron deficiency anemia about foods she should include in her diet. The nurse determines that the client understands the dietary instructions if she selects which of the following from her menu?
The nurse instructs a client with renal failure who is receiving hemodialysis about dietary modifications. The nurse determines that the client understands these dietary modifications if the client selects which items from the dietary menu?
A client with heart failure has been told to maintain a low sodium diet. A nurse who is teaching this client about foods that are allowed includes which food item in a list provided to the client?
The nurse is instructing a client with hyperkalemia on the importance of choosing foods low in potassium. The nurse should teach the client to limit which of the following foods?
A client is recovering from debridement of the right leg. A nurse encourages the client to eat which food item that is naturally high in vitamin C to promote wound healing?